DSH and TestDaF Comparison
Students entering Germany for study have to demonstrate German language proficiency. For the purpose they can write one of the 2 recognized examinations, i.e. test-DSH or TestDaF.
These two tests are almost similar in nature with some differences. Here given comparison between test-DSH and TestDAF.
The TestDaF is a standardized language test whose structure/pattern of the tests is same wherever or whenever you take it but the content is different. As far as DSH is concerned, it has some set rules, but in general the university taking the test has the authority to make the changes. It is up to the university conducting the test.
TestDaF StructureReading Comprehension:
Time allotted for this section is 60 minutes and consists of 3 sections (reading texts)-
- Section 1 requires the candidates to match between 8 short paragraphs and 10 statements
- Section 2 requires candidates to answer 10 objective-type questions on a scientific topic.
- Section 3 requires the candidates to read and understand a scientific text presented and based on it answer 10 statements as true or false or doesn’t belong to the text.
Consists of 3 parts (audio-text) that needs to be completed in 40 minutes.
- Part 1: You are required to answer 8 questions in short words based on what you hear. The piece is played once and is very generic.
- Part 2: This is a complex part wherein you have to answer 10 statements as true or false.
- Part 3: This part includes a complex scientific paragraph that is run twice. You are required to answer 7 questions in sentence format.
A topic is given and you have to compose a paragraph on it in 60 minutes time.
Speaking: It has seven parts covering separate subjects. You are required to speak about them for about 0.5-2 minutes each and record it. 2 to 3 minutes preparation time is also given. Total duration of this part is 30 minutes.
The structure isn’t same as individual universities develop and maintain it, but few common points can be-
Writing/Comprehension and Working on text: Analyze graphs and write a piece based on it in 60 minutes.Listening Comprehension:
A paragraph is played twice and based on based on your hearing and understanding ability the questions.
Reading Comprehension and Grammar:
- Time allotted is 60 minutes.
You have to answer questions based on the given one long paragraph, 7-10 questions based on grammatical structure and transformation about the same paragraph are given. To complete both the tasks 90 minutes are given.Oral Exam:
In this, discuss a topic/subject of your specialization area. 20 minutes are given for this exam.
The TestDaF has four sections and the grade of each is above 5, thereby, leading to total marks of 20. Most of the Universities require a score of 16 or 80% in the test for admittance.
While in DSH, there are four sections, but the grade isn’t separated equally between them. In DSH, first the written exam is taken with initial 3 parts and then you move onto the oral exam. The final grade of DSH is the minimum between the two exams grades. 67% is the minimum required grade for DHS.
Grading Mechanism TestDSHSplit into 3 levels:
- DSH-3 : 82% and above
- DSH-2 : 67-82%, and this is the minimum requirement by the German higher education institutions
- DSH-1 : 57-67%, stands as “Passed”
- Below 57% : means “Failed”
Grading Mechanism TestDaF
The grades are expressed in 3 TestDaF levels (TDN) - Grading Levels 3, 4 and 5
Below TDN 3 means “failed” and all examination parts will have to be repeated.
TestDaF-Level 4- Can apply to Universities.
TDN 5 means excellent command of German language.
TestDaF vs. DSH
| || TestDaF|| DSH|
|Standardized Test || Yes|| No|
| Conducting Organization|| External Audit Organisation- TestDaF Institute|| Internal- By Respective Universities or Colleges|
| Structure of Test|| Consists of Listening comprehension, Reading Comprehension, Written
Expression an Oral Expression. No grammar exam is there in TestDaF|| Consists of four written parts and an oral exam. Grammar is tested.|
| No. of days|| All exams are performed on the same day|| Oral exam is taken on a different day.|
| Minimum Grade Required|| 80%|| 67%|
| Oral Examination|| The Oral expression exam is performed on Computer. Record answers to computer|| Oral examination is conducted by the professor/teacher of the Department of German as a foreign language at the University. |
| Dates|| Six times a Year|| Several times a year|