High School National Exam or ENEM
The High School National Exam or ENEM (In Portuguese: Exame Nacional do Ensino Medio) was initiated in 1998. In 2009, the ENEM exam had undergone a transformation. The ENEM is a non-compulsory, standardized Brazilian national exam, managed and operated by the Ministry of Education’s National Institute for Educational Studies and Research (INEP). It tests the level of knowledge of the high school students in Brazil. In 2013, over 7.1 million students registered for ENEM.
The ENEM exam comprises of 180 multiple-choice questions and tests students in five main areas, namely natural sciences, math, human sciences, Portuguese and either English or Spanish as a foreign language. Students are also required to write an essay.